3rd Class Science Living and Non-living Things Living and Non-Living Things

Living and Non-Living Things

Category : 3rd Class

*    Living and Non - Living Things


All the things can be classified into two groups.

Living things

Non living things


The things, which have life and can grow are called living things. The characteristics of non-living things are opposite to that of the living things. Non living things have no life or growth. Neither they need food nor there any activity inside their body. However, living things are further categorized into two types, as given below.


*          Types of Living Things 


Living things have life and required food for their nutritional needs. The following characteristics are common to all kinds of living things.  


*       Characteristics of Living Things


Look at the following flow chart of living things:


Non living things do not show any of the above mentioned characteristics. They can't do anything of their own.


*        Movement in Animals


Animals move from one place to another in search of food and shelter with the help of locomotory organs. Different animals have different types of locomotory organs for locomotion. For example: animals like cats, dogs, horses, cows etc. have legs, birds have wings, fishes have fins, insects and bees have wings etc. 


Living things Locomotary organs Movements
Dog, Cats, Horses etc. Legs Running, Walking
Birds, Bees, Insects Wings Flying
Snakes Skin Crawling
Lizards, Crocodiles Limbs Crawling
Mimosa (Pudica) Leaves Closing of leaves when touched
Sun flowers Flowers Moving towards sunlight


Plants are fixed at one place. They do not need to move in search of food, as they make their own food with the help of photosynthesis process. But they show movement in a special way. For example, wilting and swaying of plants, bending of sunflower towards sun light, growing of shoot system above ground and root towards ground, opening and closing of stomata in leaves, closing of leaves of mimosa pudica when touched etc. Non - living things can't move without the help of outside force.    





   Wilting is the characteristic feature of which one of the following types of living things?

(a) Plants

(b) Animals

(c) Bacteria

(d) All of these

(e) None of these


Answer: (a)


Non woody parts of plants lost rigidity in drought condition, this is called wilting. Therefore, option (a) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.



     Which one of the following types of movement is that of snake?

(a) Flying

(b) Running

(c) Jumping

(d) Crawling

(e) None of these


Answer: (d)


Locomotory organ of a snake is skin and the movement of a snake is called crawling. Therefore, option (d) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.

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