Instruction for Writing an Essay
Category : 5th Class
1. In a good essay the thoughts should be simple and plain expanded into a paragraph each. The subject- matter should also be the best.
2. Before beginning the easy, idea should be arranged in an outline of main points. (i.e. from a brief introduction to an effective conclusion) in a natural, logical and convincing order.
3. As regards the language, the simplest words and phrases should be used. Difficult and high sounding words, uncommon phrases and idioms and complicated constructions do not necessarily make the language. Ambiguous words or expression should be avoided.
4. Each paragraph of the essay should deal with one idea and should consist of substances which are closely related to one another.
5. One should write in a simple concise, clear, direct and natural style.
A Morning Walk
Exercise is very good for health. The light estexercise is walk. A walk in the morning is very useful. I like going for a morning walk every day. It refreshes my mind. It keeps me medically fit.
Every day I get up at five a.m. and go for a walk with my friend. We go up to the canal's bank. It is about two kilometers from my village. At that time the nature is at its best. The air is cool and clear. There is silence everywhere. The atmosphere is full of the sweet scent of flowers. Birds chirp happily in their nests. The dew drops on the green grass shine like pearls. In this way they welcome the sunrise. There is no rush or traffic.
There is a park along the canal. It is a big park. We take some exercise and yoga in the park. Slowly the sun rises, the rays of the rising sun look golden. They spread all over the earth. We come back to our home after sunrise. All these things make a morning walk very enjoyable.
An Indian Festival 'Deepawali'
'Diwali' or 'Deepawali' means a row of lamps. It is the name of an Indian festival. It is the festival of light, mainly celebrated by Hindus, with great pomp and show. Diwali comes off in the month of October or November every year. It is celebrated in honour of Lord Ram's return to Ayodhya. He came back to Ayodhya after spending fourteen years in exile. It is celebrated all over India. It is celebrated in some other countries too.
Great preparations are made for the festival. Houses, shops and other buildings are cleaned. Most of them are whitewashed or painted again. People buy new clothes, toys, sweets, fireworks, pictures, gifts and greetings cards. A large number of people send gifts, sweets and greeting cards to their friends and relatives. On the evening of the festival, houses and other buildings are decorated with rows of lighted lamps, and fireworks are set of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, is worshipped. Some wicked people gamble. This is very bad.
On Sunday last I along with some friends of mine went for a picnic. We went on bicycles. We went to the main canal. It is about two kilometers in the west of our village. We had already made all arrangements for the picnic.
The weather was very pleasant that day. The sky was cloudy. A cool breeze was blowing. The atmosphere was somewhat cold. It looked the rain was likely.
We left our bicycles under a biter tree. We spread a big carpet on the bank of the canal. We sat on it and played cards for some time. We sang songs. Ravi is a good Dancer. He danced for us. We enjoyed the dance very much. After the dance we took off our clothes and played Kabaddi for about an hour. Then we jumped into the canal. We enjoyed swimming for some time. In the end we ate our lunch. We enjoyed the picnic very much.
The Spring Season
Of all the four seasons, the spring is the loveliest. This is full of pleasing colours, fresh leaves and smiling flowers. It comes after the chilly winter. Naturally, people welcome the change the spring brings. The winds that blow are now cool and pleasant.
There is pleasant warmth of the sun to bask in all day. There are colourful flowers everywhere. The nature's beauty emerges in all its glory. The shining butterflies seem to be dancing near the fragrant flowers. The whole earth changes into a beautiful, painted, landscape. The days are warm. The nights are full of stars and lovely moonlight.
Birds begin to chirp. The Koel is back with its sweet melodious notes. The fruit trees bloom. The arrival of the spring is celebrated on the Basant Panchami day. Men, women and children dress themselves in their yellow best. Colorful kites are flown.
A Visit to A Historical Place
My father is posted at Agra. He wanted us to spend the summer vacation there. We went there by train. We stayed there for a month. We enjoyed every day of our stay with him. One day, he took us to see the Taj Mahal. It's a shinning glory not only of the city of Agra but of the whole world. I must admit that I was deeply impressed by this grand and magnificent building.
The Taj is built on the bank of the Yamuna. It was built by emperor Shah Jahan. He built it in memory of his dear wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is made of white marble. It stands on a raised platform. There is a beautiful water course fountains play and add to the beauty of the whole area.
The Taj Mahal is surrounded by beautiful gardens. Verses from the holy Quran are engraved on its walls. It looks really great in the moonlight. It has no comparison in beauty and the story of the true love of Shah Jahan for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Besides the Taj, Agra has many other building and monuments. They are all of great historical value. Even its bazaars are full of history. They kept all of us busy throughout the vacation.
Our School Peon
I read in St. Jones High School. Mr. Albert is our school peon. He is an old man. He is about fifty-nine years old. His hair is white. He is a tall man. He has been working in our school for the last twenty five years. He is a very simple person. He wear a Khaki uniform. He sits outside the principal's office. He is a hard working man. Every day he goes to school early in the morning. He rings the bell on time. He carries the principal's orders to the teachers and the students. Throughout the day, he keeps on moving here and there. He remains busy from morning to evening, but he never gets tired. He is always happy.
He respects the principal and the teachers. They also respect him. He loves students. He is polite to all. He is never angry with anyone. All the students respect him. He works hard but he gets a small salary. Yet he is satisfied with his salary. We should respect him. We should also be kind to him.
The Republic Day
January 26 is a day of great importance to all of us. It was on this day that India became a Republic. That is why the day is called the Republic Day.
On this day in 1950 our new constitution came into force. The post of the President was created by the constitution. Dr. Rajendra Prasad became our first President. Since then, we have been celebrating this day with great fanfare. Processions are organized and meetings are held.
In Delhi, the day is Celebrated on a very grand scale. All buildings and roads are decorated with lights, flowers and flags.
The main celebrations take place at Rajpath. The President arrives at the saluting base. Behind him stand the three chiefs of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force. The national flag is unfurled and 31 gun salute takes place. Pageants depicting scenes from different parts of the country are the main attraction of the day. Many people from all over India throng to Delhi to have a glimpse of the celebrations.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is my favourite leader. He was one of the greatest personalities of the world. Indians loved and respected him. Children called him 'Chacha Nehru'.
Nehru was born at Allahabad on 14 November 1889. His father Pandit Moti Lal Nehru was a leading lawyer of his time. Jawahar was brought up in the lap of luxury. He was educated in England. His education was on the western lines. He qualified as a barrister and returned to India.
His mind underwent a change when he returned from England. The lost the interest in legal practice. He began to take an active part in the politics of the country. He joined the Indian National Congress. Mahatma Gandhi became his role model. When he was only thirty, he was elected President of the Congress session at Lahore in 1920. The resolution of complete independence for Indians was passed under his President ship.
Jawaharlal was a great leader. He was a man of iron will and strong character. He was fearless and bold. He wrote several books. He was also a great speaker. He became the first Prime Minister of free India. The country earned name and fame under his leadership.
A Visit to A Zoo
Yesterday I went to see a zoo with my friends. I found it full of interest. In my opinion a zoo is a wonderful place where a man. can spend days without being tired and dull.
The first animal I saw was a lion. He stood with his head up and his tail swinging to and fro. He looked very grand and royal. We also saw some tigers, leopards and wolves.
Then we saw some monkeys. They were very funny and mischievous. They were playing with the branches of the trees and were jumping from one branch to another. They took breads and mangoes from our hands.
We also saw some peacocks. They were dancing merrily in the garden which was very close to us. They appeared to be very charming with their long and graceful necks, coloured crests on their heads and grand plumes spread out in the shape of fans. In a very large chamber, we saw a pair of gorillas. They were walking like us. Their chattering was similar to the voice of a man.
They could copy the various actions of a man.
We were in the zoo for five hours. The time passed merrily. We saw different kinds of animals for the first time in life and gathered useful information about them.
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