UPSC History South India from 700 CE to 1200 CE Short Notes - Southern India

Short Notes - Southern India

Category : UPSC

 

SOUTHERN INDIA

 

  • Capital of Chalukyas [AD 543-753)-Badami (Bagalkot district of North Karnataka)
  • Pulakeshin I is generally attributed to be the first Chalukyan king.
  • Pulakeshin H was the most prominent ruler of the dynasty who ruled from 608 A.D. and was a contemporary of Harshavardhan. He stopped
  • Harshavardhan to march into the Deccan.
  • The Pallavas initially conquered the region of Thondaimandalam.
  • Narasimhavarman completed the beautiful temples of Mahablipuram.

 

Rashtrakutas (AD 753-973)

 

  • Founded by Dantidurg; Krishna I built Kailasha temple at Ellora. Amoghavarsha, who is compared to Vikramaditya, wrote the first Kannada poetry Kaviraj Marg. Rashtrakutas credited for building cave shrine Elephanta dedicated to Shiva.

 

Gangas

Ruled Orissa; Narsimhadeva constructed Sun Temple at Konark; Anantvarman built the Jagannath Temple at Puri; and Kesaris who used to rule before Gangas built the Lingaraja Temple at Bhubaneshwar.

 

Pallavas (AD 600-757)

 

Founder-Simhavishnu; capital-Kanchi; greatest king Narsimhavarman who founded the town of Mamallapuram [Mahabalipuram] and built rock-cut raths or even pagodas.

 

  • Palas dynasty was founded by Gopala 1, who was elected as king of people.
  • Palas with capital at Monghyr is known for Dharmapala, their second king, who founded Vikramashila University and revived Nalanda University.
  • The greatest ruler of Pratiharas was Bhoja [also known as Mihir, Adivraha).
  • Khajuraho temples were built during the reign of Chandellas of Bundelkhand.
  • Rajputs divided into four clans:- Pratiharas (S Rajasthan), Chauhans [E Rajasthan], Chalukyas/Solankis (Kathiawar), Parmaras [Malwa].

 

The Cholas (AD 985-1279)

 

  • Founder Vijayalaya, Capital Tanjore.
  • Aditya I Chola wiped out Pallavas and weakened Pandayas.
  • Purantaka I captured 'Madurai, but defeated by Rashtrakuta ruler Krishna III at the Battle of Takkolam.
  • Rajaraja I [AD 985-1014) led a naval expedition against Shailendra empire (Malaya Peninsula) and conquered Northern Sri Lanka; constructed
  • Rajarajeshwari [or Brihadeshvara) Shiva temple at Tanjore.
  • Rajendra I [AD 1014-10441 annexed whole Sri Lanka; took ths title of Gangaikonda and founded Gangaikonda Cholapuram.
  • Dancing Figure of Shiva (Nataraja) belong to Chola period. Local self-government existed.


You need to login to perform this action.
You will be redirected in 3 sec spinner

Free
Videos