Current Affairs State

 The government of Madhya Pradesh has announced the increase of the reservation quotas for the OBCs and has stated that it would also implement 10 per cent quota for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) under the general category. The government has proposed to increase the reservation for OBCs from the current 14% to 27%. Madhya Pradesh already has 36% reservation for scheduled castes and tribes. The increase in the reservation for OBCs and 10% reservation for EWS will take the reservation in the state to 73%.
  • Legal Challenges
Since the reservations, breaches the 50 per cent cap set by the Supreme Court in the Indra Sawhney case judgement, the proposed reservation module is said to be legally untenable. Even though states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh have reservations breaching the cap of 50% they were implemented well before the Indra Sawhney case judgement. Earlier states like Rajasthan and Maharashtra had announced reservations exceeding 50 per cent but they couldn’t implement it. Even the 10 per cent quota for EWS proposed by the Central government already questioned in Supreme Court, the decision of the Madhya Pradesh government is bound to face legal challenges.
 

  The government of Uttarakhand has launched the Mukhyamantri Anchal Amrit Yojana to provide milk at the Anganwadi Centres. About the Scheme
  • Under the Mukhyamantri Anchal Amrit Yojana, the government would provide 100 ml milk twice a week for 2.5 lakh children at 20,000 Anganwadi Centres in the state.
  • Under the scheme flavoured, sweet and skimmed milk powder will be made available to the 20,000 Anganwadi Kendras.
  • Children under six years of age in every Anganwadi centre will be provided milk under the Aanchal Amrit scheme.
The scheme will come handy in tackling the malnutrition and building of fit and healthy children by providing them with a balanced diet as there are about 18,000 children suffering from malnutrition in Uttarakhand.
Nutritional Value of Milk Milk as a source of Protein, Calcium, Vitamins provides benefits like building and maintaining bone and teeth, improving the performance of the nerve system, helping in growth, improving the digestion process, boosting the immunity, treating the dehydration and providing the body with energy.

With the inauguration of Nagpur Metro, Nagpur has become the second city of the state of Maharashtra after Mumbai to get a Metro Rail.
Nagpur Metro
  • PM inaugurated a 13.5-kilometre stretch comprising five stations from Khapri to Sitabuldi.
  • The Nagpur Metro consists of two corridors with a total length of 38 kilometres.
  • The two corridors will comprise of 38 stations, two depots and a fleet of 69 metro cars.
  • To emphasise on Women Safety and empowerment each train will comprise of a special “Nari Shakti” women’s coach.
  • Nagpur Metro is also hailed as the green Metro since  65% of its electricity consumption from solar energy.
  • Nagpur Metro has earned ?51 crore from stamp duty and ?6.87 crore from Transfer of Development rights even before the start of passenger operations.
The population of the city of Nagpur is projected to double by 2050. Hence it was imperative to equip the city with 21st-century infrastructure, and the Metro Rail is one step in that direction.

 The Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee has unveiled a new scheme Yuvashree Plan II or Yuvashree Arpan to encourage entrepreneurship among youth. Under the Yuvashree Arpan  Scheme around fifty thousand Youths who have passed out of ITI or other polytechnic institutes will be eligible to get financial support of Rs One Lakh from the state MSME department to set up their own business initiatives.
About Yuvashree I Yuvashree I was launched by the labour department of the state of West Bengal. Under the scheme, an unemployment allowance of Rs 1500 per month was provided per month to 1,00,000 unemployed youth.

 The Government of India, the State Government of Chhattisgarh and the World Bank signed a $25.2 Million Loan Agreement to support the State’s Reforms in Expenditure Management under Chhattisgarh Public Financial Management and Accountability Program.
Chhattisgarh Public Financial Management and Accountability Program
  • The reforms encompass Expenditure Planning, Investment Management, Budget Execution, Public Procurement and Accountability.
  • The programme will help the state of Chhattisgarh to strengthen its Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) and Tax Administration Systems.
  • The programme will build the capacity of the State’s Human Resources and the Institutions Handling Management of Public Finances.
  • The World Bank will also facilitate cross-learning from Public Financial Management (PFM) Reforms undertaken by it in the other Indian States while bringing in global experiences.
  • Improvements in Public Financial Management is a key step for achieving the development potential of the state. Improvements will ensure that the State can invest more and with greater efficiency, for it’s poor and vulnerable.
  • The programme which focuses on IT solutions will benefit almost 11,000 Village Panchayats and 168 Urban Municipalities in the State.
About 92 per cent households in the State of Chhattisgarh belongs to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. The Direct Benefit Transfers (DBTs) is being increasingly used by the Central and State Governments to channel resources to households and individuals. The Programme will support the development of systems that will facilitate inter-departmental data interaction under secured protocols and automate most of the processing and payment of DBTs in the State. Thus enhancing the efficiency of the system.

 The government of Karnataka has launched the water conservation scheme Jalamrutha. The scheme focuses on drought-proofing measures, including protection and rejuvenation of water bodies.
About the Scheme
  • The scheme will be implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj of Karnataka.
  • Under the scheme, scientific approaches will be deployed for water budgeting, water harvesting and water conservation through the use of geospatial data, satellite imagery, topographical and geological data.
  • The scheme is community drive and will be implemented by key line departments of the government, Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs), non-governmental organisations (NGOs), and private sector institutions.
  • The water conservation strategy under the scheme comprises of four components viz. water literacy, rejuvenation of waterbodies, creation of new waterbodies as well as the development of watersheds and afforestation activities.
  • The scheme will operate on a four-tier institutional structure with planning and execution committees being set up at village, taluk, district and State levels.
  • A State-level committee headed by the Chief Minister will be established for strategic monitoring, convergence, policy and programmatic guidance and the committee will design water conservation strategies for the State in consultation with all stakeholders.
Emphasising on water conservation the government of Karnataka has announced 2019 as the ‘Year of Water’ to emphasise the importance of water becoming a scarce commodity and the need to conserve it.

  Rice Knowledge Bank-Assam, is an agriculture web portal. It is dedicated to magnifying knowledge on rice production technologies and techniques, best production practices and state agriculture facts. It was launched under the World Bank funded project – Agri-business and Rural Transformation (APART). This portal is the repercussion of efforts of Assam Rural Infrastructure and Agricultural Services Society (ARIAS), Assam Agricultural University (AAU) with technical assistance from the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI).

  Union Railway Minister Piyush Goyal announced a new railway zone for Andhra Pradesh,that is the Southern Coast Railway and it will be headquartered in Visakhapatnam. It will be the 18th zone in the country. The new zone will comprise the existing Guntakal, Guntur and Vijayawada divisions that currently fall under the South Central Railway.The cost of creating infrastructure for a new zone is around Rs. 205 crore.
Source: The Hindu

 With an aim to promote Odia films and create a conducive eco-system for production of films in the region, Naveen Patnaik-led state cabinet gave its nod to the Odisha State Film Policy-2019. The policy will promote quality Odia films, facilitate film tourism in the state, establish Odisha as a destination for film shooting and improve screen density in the state.
Source- ANI News

  Bihar has become the first state to deploy specially-trained dogs to check smuggling of liquor which continues to take place inspite of the total ban imposed in the state for the last 3 years. 20 liquor-tracker dogs were trained rigorously for nine months in Hyderabad, Telangana. They were trained at Hyderabad-based Integrated Intelligence Training Academy. Patna will witness deployment of 4 such dogs. This action was taken after the seizure of more than three million liters of illegal alcohol since April 2016.
Source: The Times Of India



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