CHAPTER-8 ENERGY RESOURCES
Energy is the capacity to do work and is required for life processes. Energy is the fundamental resource for the development and the progress of any region. Energy consumption and development are synonymous. If any state is rich in energy resources, it has direct impact on industrial development, economic development and standard of living.
An energy resource is something that can produce heat, power, move objects, or produce electricity. Energy resources are all forms of fuels used in the modem world, either for heating, generation of electrical energy, or for other forms of energy conversion processes.
On the basis of generation, energy sources can be classified into two types:
Nonrenewable and Renewable.
On the basis of the uses the energy sources can be classified as the Commercial energy and Noncommercial energy.
Non-renewable energy is a source of energy that will eventually run out, such as fossil fuels and nuclear material. These resources have been the most used type of energy in the modem era. These are also known as conventional sources of Energy.
Renewable energy is energy produced from sources that do not deplete or can be replenished within a human's life time such as wind, water, solar, and geothermal, come from sources that regenerate as fast as they are consumed and are continuously available. Such as biofuel produced from food crops and other plants, are replenished every growing season. In the early part of the twenty-first century, renewable sources have become more popular as nonrenewable sources have begun to be depleted. These are also known as Non- conventional sources of energy.
The energy sources that are used to generate electricity and that are available in the marketplace with a specific price are known as Commercial energy sources. The most commercialized forms of energy sources are electricity, coal, advanced petroleum products and nuclear energy etc.
Non-commercial energy sources, which include fuels such as cattle dung and agricultural and urban waste, are conventionally gathered and not bought at a price used particularly in rural areas. These are also called Traditional fuels and are often ignored in energy accounting.
Energy Resources in Madhya Pradesh
There are various conventional sources of energy in Madhya Pradesh which are coal, oil and mineral oil, natural gas, atomic energy. Non-conventional sources of energy are solar energy, wind energy etc. The two main sources of energy in Madhya Pradesh are coal and Hydel power. The reorganization of state has affected its electricity production drastically.
Conventional Sources of Energy in MP
Some important conventional energy sources are discussed below-