Synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language, for example shut is a synonym of close. A person or thing so closely associated with a particular quality or idea that the mention of their name calls it to mind.
Romantic poet is a synonym of William Wods worth or John Keats. Antonym is a word opposite in meaning to another (e.g. bad and good). This section tests widely and exhaustively one's knowledge of the language and word power, but goes beyond that to test your ability to remember words with similar meanings or opposite meanings. Or, alternately, to discover the similarity or proximity between the meaning of the given word with one of those in the options. These exercises can get confusing sometimes because more than one option may appear as the right answer or none of them may look like the right answer. For such questions a student may consider the following strategies.
Type 1: Choosing the correct synonym of the given word In this type of questions, generally a word is given, follow by four or five alternatives. The candidate is required to choose the word which is nearest in meaning to the given word.
Example 1: Choose the correct synonym of the given word:
The word 'Implicate' my be used in sentence as:
The man implicated him flasely in the case.
Clearly, the word means 'involve' or 'include'.
Hence, the answer is (a).
Example 2: Choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word:
Solution: 'Diligent' means 'hard-working' So, another word for it could be 'Laborious'. Hence the answer is (c).
What are Antonyms?
A word which is opposite in meaning to the given word is called its Antonym. The word 'Autonomy? means 'Independence.' So, its antonym would be 'Dependence.'
Type 2: Choosing the Correct Antonym of the given word
In this type of questions, generally a word is given, followed by four or five alternatives. The candidate is required to choose the word which is nearest to the opposite in meaning of the given word.
Example 3: Choose the correct antonym of the given word:
Solution: 'Obscure? means ?secret?. So, the antonym would be 'Explict.' Hence, the answer is (c).
STRATEGY 1 If you do not know the meaning of the given word, think of a context in which you might have used it, that may help you to figure out the meaning, for example, in the question find the word nearest in meaning to
(d) extract Now if you do not know what magnify means think of a magnifying glass and what it does. It expands or makes more...